What is acne? Acne is a chronic disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Some of the characteristics of acne include black heads, pimples, cysts, infected abscesses, and rarely scarring. Acne usually occurs during adolescence in men and women. To be more specific, acne begins at puberty and tends to deteriorate for people with oily skin. Acne affects teenagers mostly. Only mild to moderate forms of acne in middle-aged women can be noticed. Acne can be seen most often on the face. Other sites may include the neck, chest, back, shoulders, scalp, arms and legs. Most forms of acne are the result of heredity and hormonal problems and has nothing to do with poor diet or lack of hygiene.
Types of acne
The beginning of acne is the same, but it can take different forms and can react under different conditions of the person’s body. Comedo resulting to injury is the start of acne. Comedo is the enlarged hair follicle plugged with oil and bacteria that live beneath the surface of the skin, this lesion can be expected to swell into what is known as acne. Whenever the skin produces more oil, the bacteria grows in the swelling of the follicles. The surrounding skin becomes increasingly inflamed as pus developed; white blood cell casualties in their fight against intruders as well as the dead intruder cells themselves. The two main types of acne are the non-inflammatory acne and the inflammatory acne.
1. Comedo Closed
If the follicle remains connected below the surface of the skin lesion, this is called a Comedo closed type. This generally occurs in the skin as small white bumps. The commonly called Whiteheads.
2. Comedo Open
If the plug develops and grows through the surface of the skin as lesion, this is called a Comedo open type. The dark side of the lesion is not caused by dirt, but it’s due to the accumulation of melanin, which is natural skin color. This condition is known as blackheads.
This appears in the skin as little pinkish bumps. The papules are soft in nature and are often an intermediate step between non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions clearly.
These lesions are small and rounded, and the inflammation contain visible pus, which appear reddish at the base with a whitish or yellowish tip. Pustules do not contain a large quantity of bacteria. The inflammation is caused by irritation of the chemical composition of sebum, which is a free fatty acids.
These are large pus-filled lesions, which are usually found deep within the skin. The cysts are very painful injuries because they are inflamed. The cysts form as a result of the content of the skin surrounding the comedo. The content of the cyst are dead white cells as well as dead bacteria that caused the acne. The production of the pus creates the pressure under the skin which can be felt by the person as pain. The cysts often leave deep scars.
4. Acne conglobata
It is a rare but serious form of inflammatory acne that develops primarily on the back, buttocks, and chest. In addition, the presence of pustules and cysts may have serious bacterial infections.
Symptoms include persistent acne and recurrent swelling or red spots on the skin known as buttons. The lesions are inflamed and filled with pus. The grains are usually on the face, chest, shoulders, neck or upper back. Other symptoms include spots with open pores in the center known as buttons, bulky items under the skin without openings, which are known as white and red bumps filled with pus or packages which are known as pustules. Acne can develop from blackheads or white pustules. Lesions filled with pus under the skin known as cysts are also a symptom of acne. These cysts can become as big as an inch wide.